Between 1718 and 1720, Antonio Vivaldi wrote four violin concertos named after the seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. They were published in 1725 in the book Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione.
These three-movement concertos use the structure of the baroque concerto grosso (grand concerto), where a group of soloists (concertino) alternates with the full orchestra (ripieno or tutti) over a basso continuo.
Vivaldi associates each of these concerts with a sonnet. In the case of Spring, the sonnet describes the arrival of the season with the singing of the birds and the festivities that celebrate its arrival. In analyzing the concerto, we will see how Vivaldi uses different musical resources to represent the text.
Springtime is upon us.
On the flower-strewn meadow, with leafy branches
|III. Danza Pastorale||
Led by the festive sound of rustic bagpipes,
Translation courtesy of Wikipedia.
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