Harmonic Functions

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What are Harmonic Functions?

    The Tonic

    The Dominant and Subdominant

    An example using I, IV and V

    Identifying the I, IV and V degrees

    The II and VII Degrees

    The III and VI Degrees

    Harmonic Functions in Minor Keys

    Harmonic Analysis

Nonharmonic Tones

    Passing Tone

    Neighbor Note

    Suspension

    Anticipation

    Appoggiatura

    An Example

Secondary Dominants

    Secondary Dominants Examples

    Using Secondary Dominants

Modulation

    The Dominant Chord

    The Pivot Chord

    Two Examples

    An Example from Bach

    Modulation to Distantly Related Keys

Augmented Sixths

    Types

    Major Keys

    Harmonic Function

    Tritone Substitution

    Musical Examples

Neapolitan Sixth

    Construction and Identification

    Major Keys

    Musical Examples

Other Tutorials:

Reading Music

Intervals

Scales

Chords

Musical Forms

Related Exercises:

Harmonic Progresssions Dictation

Construction:

  Triads

  Seventh Chords

  Secondary Dominants

  Secondary Diminished Sevenths

  Augmented Sixths

  Neapolitan Sixth

Identification:

  Triads

  Seventh Chords

  Secondary Dominants

  Secondary Diminished Sevenths

Secondary Dominants Musical Examples

The following musical examples have several secondary dominant chords. Find the chords by clicking the measures. Read the note at the end of the page if you don't know how to look for the chords.

Beethoven. Sonatina

Click the measures where you see a secondary dominant...

Tell Me

Tchaikovsky, Morning Prayer

Click the measures where you see a secondary dominant...

Tell Me

How can I identify secondary dominants?

  1. Look for chords with accidentals.
  2. If the chord is major or dominant seventh, ask yourself, of what chord this chord is the V degree.
  3. If the chord is diminished or diminished seventh, ask yourself, of what chord this chord is the VII degree.

© 2011 J. Rodríguez Alvira

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13.11.05

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