The II, V, I chord progression is very common in music. Each one of these chords is related to one of the basic functions: II is related to subdominant, V to dominant and I to tonic.
Bach’s Prelude BWV 846 from the first book of The Well-Tempered Clavier seems to be a set of variations of this progression. It is also an excellent example of voice leading using major, minor, diminished seventh chords and inversions.
The progression is presented in the first four measures:
Many jazz standards can be analyzed by identifying the II-V-I progressions. Miles Davis, Tune Up's is a good example:
|Function and key:||D major:||ii||V||I||C major:||ii||V||I||Bb major:||ii||V||I|
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